Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending

Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending
Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending

We manufacture the Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending to bend sheet metal edges. Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending are used in metalworking industries

A hydraulic press for sheet metal bending is a specialized machine designed to bend and shape sheet metal using hydraulic force. It is commonly used in metal fabrication, automotive manufacturing, aerospace industry, and other industries that require precise bending of sheet metal components.

Here are some key features and considerations for a hydraulic press used in sheet metal bending:

  1. Press capacity: The press should have sufficient tonnage capacity to handle the maximum thickness and width of the sheet metal being bent. The tonnage capacity determines the amount of force that can be applied to the metal to achieve the desired bend.
  2. Bed and ram size: The size of the press bed and ram should be suitable for the size of the sheet metal being bent. It should provide enough space to accommodate the sheet metal and allow for proper tooling setup.
  3. Die setup: The hydraulic press should have a die setup or tooling system that allows for precise positioning and alignment of the sheet metal. This ensures accurate and repeatable bending results.
  4. Adjustable stroke and speed: The press should offer adjustable stroke and speed control to accommodate different bending requirements and optimize the bending process for different sheet metal thicknesses and materials.
  5. Safety features: Safety is of utmost importance in any hydraulic press operation. The press should have safety features such as emergency stop buttons, safety guards, and light curtains to protect the operator and prevent accidents.
  6. Control system: The press should have a user-friendly control system that allows for easy setup and operation. It may include features such as programmable bending sequences, digital displays, and operator interfaces for precise control and monitoring of the bending process.
  7. Durability and construction: The press should be built with robust and durable materials to withstand the high forces involved in sheet metal bending. It should also be designed for long-term reliability and minimal maintenance requirements.

When selecting a hydraulic press for sheet metal bending, it is important to consider the specific requirements of your bending applications, such as the maximum thickness and size of the sheet metal, the desired bending angle and precision, and the production volume. Consulting with a reputable hydraulic press manufacturer or supplier can help ensure that you choose the right press for your needs.

Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending

A hydraulic press for sheet metal bending, also known as a hydraulic press brake, is a powerful and versatile machine used to shape sheet metal into various forms and angles using hydraulic pressure. These machines are widely used in the metal fabrication industry due to their ability to handle thick sheet metal and produce precise bends.

Key Components of a Hydraulic Press for Sheet Metal Bending

  1. Frame: The frame provides a sturdy base for the machine and supports the bending mechanism. It is typically made from heavy-duty steel or cast iron to withstand the immense forces involved in bending sheet metal.
  2. Hydraulic System: The hydraulic system is the heart of the machine, generating and supplying pressurized hydraulic fluid to the bending mechanism. It consists of a hydraulic pump, hoses, valves, and a hydraulic cylinder. The hydraulic cylinder applies high-pressure hydraulic fluid to the ram, providing the force required to bend the sheet metal.
  3. Ram: The ram is a movable component that applies downward force onto the sheet metal. It is connected to the hydraulic cylinder and guided by rails to ensure precise movement and alignment during the bending process.
  4. Punch: The punch is a tooling component that forms the desired shape in the sheet metal. It is typically made from hardened steel or tool steel to withstand the abrasion and forces involved in bending. The punch’s profile corresponds to the desired bend shape.
  5. Die: The die is another tooling component that supports the sheet metal during bending. It is designed to match the shape of the punch to create the desired bend angle and prevent distortion. The die provides a stable surface against which the punch forces the sheet metal to bend.
  6. Work Table: The work table provides a stable and adjustable surface for positioning and securing the sheet metal during bending. It can be adjusted to accommodate different sheet metal sizes and bending angles, ensuring precise positioning.
  7. Back Gauge: The back gauge, also known as the depth stop, controls the distance between the rear edge of the sheet metal and the bending line. It ensures consistent bending positions and prevents the sheet metal from slipping during the bending process, maintaining accuracy and consistency.
  8. Controls: The control panel allows the operator to set and monitor the bending process. Modern press brakes often feature advanced computer controls for precise and automated operation. These controls enable operators to set bending angles, bending speeds, and other parameters, ensuring consistent and repeatable results.

Common Applications of Hydraulic Presses for Sheet Metal Bending

Hydraulic presses for sheet metal bending are widely used for a variety of applications in the metal fabrication industry:

  1. Bending sheet metal components for various products: These components include enclosures, brackets, ducts, structural components, and various other sheet metal parts.
  2. Manufacturing metal parts for appliances: Hydraulic presses are used to create sheet metal components for appliances like refrigerators, washing machines, and dishwashers.
  3. Producing automotive components: These components include car body panels, brackets, frames, and other sheet metal parts used in automotive manufacturing.
  4. Creating custom-shaped sheet metal components: Hydraulic presses can bend sheet metal into unique and custom shapes for specific applications.
  5. Prototyping sheet metal designs: These machines are used to create prototypes of sheet metal components to evaluate form, fit, and functionality before full-scale production.
  6. High-volume production of sheet metal components: Hydraulic presses are designed for high-volume production, enabling efficient manufacturing of large quantities of sheet metal components for various industries.

Benefits of Hydraulic Presses for Sheet Metal Bending

Hydraulic presses for sheet metal bending offer several advantages over other bending methods, making them a popular choice in metal fabrication:

  1. High Bending Capacity: Hydraulic presses can handle thicker sheet metal than manual or pneumatic bending machines, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and bending thicker materials.
  2. Precision Bending: Hydraulic presses provide precise control over the bending angle, ensuring consistent and accurate bends, even for complex shapes. The punch and die design along with the hydraulic system contribute to precise bending results.
  3. High Production Rates: Hydraulic presses are designed for high-volume production, enabling efficient manufacturing of large quantities of sheet metal components. Their automation capabilities further enhance production efficiency.
  4. Automation and Efficiency: Modern hydraulic presses can be automated, reducing labor costs and increasing production efficiency. Automated controls allow for repetitive and consistent bending operations, reducing human error and improving productivity.
  5. Durability and Reliability: Hydraulic presses are built to withstand demanding industrial environments and provide reliable performance over extended periods. Their robust construction and components ensure long-lasting operation.

Press capacity for the Sheet Metal Bending

Press capacity refers to the maximum force or load that a hydraulic press can exert during operation. It is typically measured in tons (US or metric) and determines the amount of force available for various applications.

The press capacity required depends on the specific needs of the application, such as the material being processed, the thickness and size of the workpiece, and the desired level of deformation or forming. It is important to select a press with an adequate capacity to ensure that it can handle the intended workload effectively and safely.

When considering press capacity, it’s crucial to account for both the static and dynamic loads involved in the application. Static load refers to the force required to compress or deform the workpiece, while dynamic load considers any additional forces applied during the pressing operation, such as vibrations or impact.

To determine the appropriate press capacity, you need to consider the maximum force required to perform the desired operations. This can be determined through material testing, calculations, or referencing industry standards and guidelines. It is important to choose a press with a capacity that exceeds the maximum force requirement to provide a safety margin and avoid overloading the press.

It’s worth noting that hydraulic presses are available in a wide range of capacities, from small benchtop models with a few tons of force to large industrial presses with hundreds or even thousands of tons of force. The specific press capacity needed will depend on the scale and requirements of your application.

When selecting a hydraulic press, it is advisable to consult with the manufacturer or supplier who can guide you in choosing the appropriate press capacity based on your specific needs. They can consider factors such as the type of material, desired forming processes, and anticipated production volume to help you make an informed decision.

Bed and ram size

The bed and ram size of a hydraulic press refers to the dimensions of the flat surface area on which the workpiece rests (bed) and the moving surface that applies the force to the workpiece (ram).

The bed size determines the available workspace or working area of the press. It is typically measured in width and length dimensions. The size of the bed should be sufficient to accommodate the size of the workpiece being processed. It is important to ensure that the workpiece fits comfortably within the bed area without any overhang or obstruction.

The ram size, on the other hand, refers to the dimensions of the surface that comes into contact with the workpiece. It is usually smaller than the bed size and can vary in shape depending on the specific press design and application. The ram size should be suitable for the desired forming or pressing operation, ensuring adequate contact with the workpiece for effective force application.

The appropriate bed and ram size for a hydraulic press will depend on the specific requirements of the application, including the size and shape of the workpiece, the desired forming process, and any special considerations such as multiple tools or dies. It is important to select a press with a bed and ram size that accommodates the workpiece dimensions and provides enough surface area for uniform force distribution.

When choosing a hydraulic press, it is recommended to consult with the manufacturer or supplier to determine the appropriate bed and ram size based on your specific needs. They can provide guidance and assistance in selecting a press with suitable dimensions to ensure efficient and effective operation.

Die setup

The setup or preparation of a hydraulic press refers to the process of preparing the press for a specific job. Here are some steps typically involved in setting up a hydraulic press:

  1. Tool preparation: Ensure that the required tools such as dies, punches, or molds are available according to the job requirements. Also, check the condition of the tools for any damage or wear.
  2. Alignment of tools: Carefully position the tools on the press to ensure they are properly aligned. Ensure that they are securely and firmly attached to prevent any movement during operation.
  3. Pressure adjustment: Set the desired pressure or force that will be applied to the workpiece. This can be done by adjusting the hydraulic pressure or other control parameters specific to the press.
  4. Speed adjustment: Set the desired speed at which the ram or press will move the workpiece. This can be done by adjusting speed controllers or control elements.
  5. Safety precautions: Check all safety precautions of the press, such as emergency stop switches, protective shields, or light curtains, to ensure they are functioning properly and ensuring the safety of operators.
  6. Trial runs: Before actual operation of the press, conduct trial runs to ensure all settings are correct and the workpiece is being processed as intended. Check the quality and accuracy of the results.

It is important to follow the specific instructions provided by the manufacturer of the hydraulic press and adhere to all safety guidelines. Setting up a hydraulic press often requires experience and expertise, especially for more complex applications. It may also be beneficial to receive training or guidance from experts to ensure proper setup.

EMS Metalworking Machinery

We design, manufacture and assembly metalworking machinery such as:

  • Hydraulic transfer press
  • Glass mosaic press
  • Hydraulic deep drawing press
  • Casting press
  • Hydraulic cold forming press
  • Hydroforming press
  • Composite press
  • Silicone rubber moulding press
  • Brake pad press
  • Melamine press
  • SMC & BMC Press
  • Labrotaroy press
  • Edge cutting trimming machine
  • Edge curling machine
  • Trimming beading machine
  • Trimming joggling machine
  • Cookware production line
  • Pipe bending machine
  • Profile bending machine
  • Bandsaw for metal
  • Cylindrical welding machine
  • Horizontal pres and cookware
  • Kitchenware, hotelware
  • Bakeware and cuttlery production machinery

as a complete line as well as an individual machine such as:

  • Edge cutting trimming beading machines
  • Polishing and grinding machines for pot and pans
  • Hydraulic drawing presses
  • Circle blanking machines
  • Riveting machine
  • Hole punching machines
  • Press feeding machine

You can check our machinery at work at: EMS Metalworking Machinery – YouTube


  • Beading and ribbing
  • Flanging
  • Trimming
  • Curling
  • Lock-seaming
  • Ribbing
  • Flange-punching