Small Metal Spinning Machine

Small Metal Spinning Machine
Small Metal Spinning Machine

Small metal spinning machine, also known as benchtop metal spinning lathes, are compact and affordable alternatives to their industrial counterparts. These machines are ideal for hobbyists, small workshops, and educational settings, offering a good balance between size, functionality, and affordability for working with sheet metal.

Key Features of Small Metal Spinning Machines:

  • Capacity: These machines have a smaller swing diameter (the maximum diameter a sheet metal blank can have) compared to industrial machines, typically ranging from a few inches to around 12 inches.
  • Material Thickness: They can handle thinner gauges of metal, generally up to 20 gauge (0.036 inches) or so, due to limitations in power.
  • Speed and Power: Small spinning lathes usually have a lower motor horsepower compared to industrial machines. This translates to slower spindle speeds and less torque for manipulating thicker metals.
  • Versatility: Despite their size limitations, small metal spinning machines can still be quite versatile. They can be used for a variety of spinning tasks, from creating simple cones and cylinders to more complex shapes with specialized tooling.

Small Metal Spinning Machine

  • Affordable: They are significantly less expensive than industrial metal spinning lathes, making them accessible to a wider range of users.
  • Compact Size: Their smaller footprint allows for use in workshops or even homes with limited space.
  • Easy to Use: These machines are generally less complex than industrial models and can be easier to learn for beginners.
  • Suitable for Learning: Their affordability and user-friendliness make them ideal for educational settings or hobbyists looking to learn the metal spinning craft.

Applications of Small Metal Spinning Machines:

  • Prototyping: Small metal spinning machines can be a cost-effective way to create prototypes of sheet metal parts.
  • Jewelry Making: These machines can be used to create decorative elements for jewelry, such as beads or bangles.
  • Art and Sculpture: Small-scale metal spinning can be used to create unique art pieces and sculptures.
  • Repair Work: They can be helpful for small-scale repair work involving sheet metal.
  • Home Decor: Artisans can use them to create decorative items for the home, such as lampshades or bowls.

In essence, small metal spinning machines offer a valuable and accessible entry point into the world of metal spinning. They provide a cost-effective and space-saving way to explore the creative possibilities of shaping sheet metal into unique and functional forms.

Metal Spinning in Metalworking Industry

Metal Spinning in Metalworking Industry
Metal Spinning in Metalworking Industry

Metal spinning is a widely used and versatile metalworking process employed across various industries for creating hollow, rotationally symmetrical shapes from sheet metal. Here’s a closer look at its significance in the metalworking realm:

Core Advantages:

  • Cost-Effective: Compared to other techniques like casting or machining, metal spinning can be a relatively inexpensive way to produce high-quality parts, particularly for short to medium production runs. This makes it an attractive option for projects where initial tooling costs are a concern.
  • Complex Shapes: Metal spinning excels at creating intricate, rotationally symmetrical shapes that can be challenging or expensive to achieve with other methods. This allows for the production of unique and functional parts without the need for complex tooling.
  • Material Versatility: The process can work with a variety of sheet metals, including aluminum, steel, copper, and brass. This flexibility enables the selection of the most suitable material based on factors like strength, weight, and aesthetics.
  • Fast Production: Metal spinning can be a relatively quick way to form parts, especially for simpler shapes. This efficiency makes it suitable for applications where production speed is a priority.

Applications in Various Industries:

  • Automotive: Wheel covers, air intake scoops, and some headlight housings are frequently produced using metal spinning due to its ability to handle complex curves and affordability for moderate production volumes.
  • Aerospace: Certain rocket nose cones and other aerodynamic components benefit from metal spinning’s ability to create precise shapes with minimal material waste.
  • Lighting: Reflectors and lamp shades with intricate curves can be efficiently shaped using metal spinning, offering both functionality and aesthetic appeal.
  • Telecommunications: Parabolic dish antennas and waveguides often utilize metal spinning for their production due to the process’s ability to create precise, rotationally symmetrical shapes.
  • Medical Equipment: Cladding for medical instruments and specific sterile containers can be spun using metal spinning machines for precise shaping and consistent results.
  • Consumer Goods: Kitchenware like pots, bowls, and decorative items can all be spun from sheet metal, offering a balance between functionality and aesthetics.

Beyond Basic Spinning:

The rise of CNC (Computer Numerical Control) technology has revolutionized metal spinning. CNC metal spinning lathes offer even greater precision, repeatability, and the ability to tackle even more complex shapes. This makes them ideal for high-volume production and applications requiring exceptional accuracy.

In conclusion, metal spinning is a cornerstone metalworking process valued for its cost-effectiveness, versatility, and ability to produce complex shapes. Across a wide range of industries, from automotive to medical, metal spinning plays a crucial role in shaping sheet metal into functional and often beautiful end products.

Small Metal Spinning Machine Parts

Small Metal Spinning Machine Parts
Small Metal Spinning Machine Parts

A small metal spinning machine, also known as a metal spinning lathe or spin forming machine, is used to form metal sheets or blanks into various shapes such as cylindrical, conical, or spherical. These machines are compact and versatile, suitable for small-scale production or prototyping. Here are the main parts typically found in a small metal spinning machine:

1. Base and Bed

  • Function: Provides stability and support for all machine components.
  • Characteristics: Made from heavy-duty materials such as cast iron or steel to absorb vibrations and ensure precision.

2. Headstock

  • Function: Holds and rotates the workpiece (metal blank) during the spinning process.
  • Characteristics: Includes a spindle that rotates the workpiece at controlled speeds, often driven by an electric motor.

3. Tailstock

  • Function: Supports the opposite end of the workpiece, ensuring alignment and stability.
  • Characteristics: Adjustable along the bed to accommodate different lengths of workpieces, may include a centering mechanism to align the workpiece with the spindle.

4. Tool Rest or Tool Post

  • Function: Holds the forming tools (often called chucks or forms) that shape the metal blank.
  • Characteristics: Can be manually adjustable or CNC-controlled for precise positioning of the tools.

5. Forming Tools

  • Function: Shape the metal blank by pressing it against the rotating mandrel or chuck.
  • Characteristics: Made from hardened steel or other durable materials, designed to create specific shapes like cylindrical, conical, or domed forms.

6. Mandrel or Chuck

  • Function: Provides internal support and shape for the metal blank during forming.
  • Characteristics: Designed to match the desired final shape of the spun part, can be interchangeable for different forming requirements.

7. Drive System

  • Function: Powers the rotation of the headstock spindle.
  • Characteristics: Usually an electric motor with variable speed control to accommodate different materials and forming processes.

8. Control Panel

  • Function: Houses the controls and interface for operating the machine.
  • Characteristics: Includes switches, knobs, and sometimes a digital display for setting and monitoring parameters such as spindle speed and tool positioning.

9. Lubrication System

  • Function: Ensures smooth operation and reduces friction between the forming tools and the workpiece.
  • Characteristics: Includes oil or grease dispensers to lubricate moving parts and prevent wear.

10. Safety Features

  • Function: Protects the operator and ensures safe operation of the machine.
  • Characteristics: Includes emergency stop buttons, safety guards, and interlocks to prevent accidental activation.

Operation of the Small Metal Spinning Machine

  1. Loading the Workpiece: The metal blank is placed between the headstock and tailstock, secured in place.
  2. Setting Up Tools: Forming tools (chucks or forms) are mounted on the tool rest or tool post according to the desired shape.
  3. Adjusting Position: The tailstock is adjusted to align and support the workpiece, ensuring it rotates concentrically with the spindle.
  4. Spinning Process:
    • The headstock rotates the workpiece at a controlled speed.
    • The operator manually or programmatically applies the forming tools against the rotating blank, gradually shaping it into the desired form.
  5. Monitoring and Adjustments:
    • The operator monitors the forming process and makes adjustments to tool pressure or positioning as needed.
  6. Finishing:
    • Once the desired shape is achieved, any excess material may be trimmed or smoothed.
  7. Unloading:
    • The finished part is removed from the machine.

Small metal spinning machines are versatile tools used in industries such as aerospace, automotive, and custom manufacturing, offering efficient and precise forming capabilities for small-scale production or prototyping purposes.

EMS Metalworking Machines

We design, manufacture and assembly metalworking machinery such as:

  • Hydraulic transfer press
  • Glass mosaic press
  • Hydraulic deep drawing press
  • Casting press
  • Hydraulic cold forming press
  • Hydroforming press
  • Composite press
  • Silicone rubber moulding press
  • Brake pad press
  • Melamine press
  • SMC & BMC Press
  • Labrotaroy press
  • Edge cutting trimming machine
  • Edge curling machine
  • Trimming beading machine
  • Trimming joggling machine
  • Cookware production line
  • Pipe bending machine
  • Profile bending machine
  • Bandsaw for metal
  • Cylindrical welding machine
  • Horizontal pres and cookware
  • Kitchenware, hotelware
  • Bakeware and cuttlery production machinery

as a complete line as well as an individual machine such as:

  • Edge cutting trimming beading machines
  • Polishing and grinding machines for pot and pans
  • Hydraulic drawing presses
  • Circle blanking machines
  • Riveting machine
  • Hole punching machines
  • Press feeding machine

You can check our machinery at work at: EMS Metalworking Machinery – YouTube


  • Beading and ribbing
  • Flanging
  • Trimming
  • Curling
  • Lock-seaming
  • Ribbing
  • Flange-punching