Melamine Press

Melamine Press
Melamine Press

We manufacture Melamine Press for MDF Panels, Particleboard, and other wood products manufacturing. High Quality & Low Price & Free Consultation.

A melamine press is a machine used to manufacture melamine laminates, which are thin sheets of decorative material used for a variety of purposes, including furniture, countertops, and flooring. Melamine is a thermosetting plastic material that is commonly used for its durability and resistance to moisture, heat, and chemicals.

The melamine press is used to compress melamine sheets under high pressure and temperature to create a hard, durable, and attractive laminate. The press typically consists of a hydraulic system, a heating system, a moulding system, and a control system.

The hydraulic system provides the force required to compress the melamine sheets into the desired thickness and shape. The heating system heats the mould to a specific temperature, which facilitates the curing process and ensures the laminate’s durability. The moulding system comprises the mould and other components needed to shape the melamine sheets into the desired form. The control system monitors and regulates the temperature, pressure, and other parameters to ensure consistent and accurate production.

Melamine presses come in different sizes and configurations depending on the specific requirements of the manufacturer. Some presses are fully automated, while others require manual intervention. The machines can be used to produce a wide range of melamine laminates, including solid colors, wood grains, and patterns.

Melamine Press

A melamine press is a specialized machine used to laminate melamine sheets onto substrates, such as particleboard or MDF. The process involves applying heat and pressure to the melamine sheet and substrate, causing the melamine to adhere to the substrate and form a smooth, durable surface.

Types of Melamine Presses:

Melamine presses come in two main types:

  • Hot press: Hot presses use a combination of heat and pressure to laminate the melamine sheet onto the substrate. They typically operate at temperatures between 150°C and 180°C and pressures between 4 and 6 bar.
  • Short cycle press: Short cycle presses use a higher pressure and a shorter pressing cycle than hot presses. This allows them to laminate melamine sheets onto substrates more quickly, making them a good option for high-volume production.

Process of Laminating Melamine Sheets:

The process of laminating melamine sheets onto substrates typically involves the following steps:

  1. Preparation: The substrate is cleaned and prepared to ensure a smooth and even surface for the melamine sheet to adhere to.
  2. Cutting: The melamine sheet is cut to the desired size and shape for the application.
  3. Preheating: The melamine sheet and substrate are preheated to ensure that they are at the same temperature before being pressed together.
  4. Laminating: The melamine sheet is placed onto the substrate, and the press is closed. The press is then heated to the desired temperature and pressure for the specified amount of time.
  5. Cooling: Once the pressing cycle is complete, the press is opened, and the laminate is allowed to cool.
  6. Demolding: The laminate is then demolded from the press and inspected for any defects.

Process of Laminating Melamine Sheets

The process of laminating melamine sheets involves several steps to adhere the melamine sheet to a substrate, typically particleboard or MDF, resulting in a durable and visually appealing surface. Here’s a detailed breakdown of the process:

  1. Substrate Preparation: The substrate, such as particleboard or MDF, is thoroughly cleaned and sanded to ensure a smooth and even surface for the melamine sheet to adhere to. Any imperfections or irregularities on the substrate can affect the bonding process and lead to uneven surfaces or defects in the finished laminate.
  2. Melamine Sheet Preparation: The melamine sheet is cut to the desired size and shape using a saw or other cutting tool. Precision is crucial in this step to ensure that the melamine sheet aligns perfectly with the substrate and avoids any overhang or gaps.
  3. Adhesive Application: An adhesive, typically a urea-formaldehyde resin or a polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue, is evenly applied to the substrate using a roller or brush. The adhesive should be applied uniformly to provide a strong bond between the substrate and the melamine sheet.
  4. Melamine Sheet Placement: The prepared melamine sheet is carefully placed onto the adhesive-coated substrate, ensuring proper alignment and avoiding any air bubbles or wrinkles. A roller or a flat surface press is used to firmly apply pressure and smooth out any air pockets or wrinkles.
  5. Pressing and Curing: The bonded substrate and melamine sheet are placed into a hot press, where they are subjected to heat and pressure to activate the adhesive and cure the bond. The temperature and pressure settings depend on the specific adhesive and substrate being used. The curing time typically ranges from several minutes to an hour.
  6. Cooling and Demolding: Once the curing cycle is complete, the press is opened, and the laminated panel is allowed to cool gradually. This cooling process allows the adhesive to fully solidify and ensures the stability of the laminate.
  7. Finishing: The cooled laminate may undergo additional finishing steps, such as trimming excess melamine material, sanding edges, or applying protective coatings or sealants. These finishing touches enhance the appearance and durability of the laminated panel.
  8. Quality Control: Throughout the lamination process, quality control checks are performed to ensure that the laminate adheres properly, has a smooth and even surface, and meets the desired specifications. This may involve visual inspection, measuring thickness uniformity, and checking for any defects or inconsistencies.

The process of laminating melamine sheets is a versatile and efficient technique for producing durable and visually appealing surfaces for various applications, including furniture making, countertop fabrication, and interior design. By following the steps outlined above and adhering to quality control measures, manufacturers can produce high-quality laminated products that meet the demands of their customers.

Applications of Melamine Presses:

Melamine presses are used in a wide variety of applications, including:

  • Furniture manufacturing: Melamine is used to laminate furniture panels, such as kitchen cabinets, bathroom vanities, and dressers.
  • Countertop manufacturing: Melamine is used to laminate countertops in kitchens, bathrooms, and other areas.
  • Wall paneling: Melamine is used to laminate wall panels for both interior and exterior applications.
  • Signage: Melamine is used to laminate signage materials, such as backlit signs and bulletin boards.

Advantages of Melamine Presses:

Melamine presses offer several advantages over other types of laminating presses, including:

  • High production rates: Melamine presses can laminate melamine sheets onto substrates quickly and efficiently, making them a good option for high-volume production.
  • Durable laminates: Melamine laminates are durable and scratch-resistant, making them a good choice for applications where a long-lasting surface is required.
  • Easy to use: Melamine presses are relatively easy to use, making them a good option for both experienced and novice users.

Disadvantages of Melamine Presses:

Melamine presses also have some disadvantages, including:

  • High initial cost: Melamine presses can be expensive to purchase, especially for high-capacity models.
  • Requires special training: Melamine presses require special training to operate safely and effectively.
  • Can be noisy: Melamine presses can be noisy, especially during the pressing cycle.

**In summary, melamine presses are versatile and efficient machines that are used to laminate melamine sheets onto substrates for a variety of applications. Their high production rates, durable laminates, and relative ease of use make them a popular choice for manufacturers of furniture, countertops, wall panels, and signage.

Hot press

Hot press
Hot press

A hot press is a versatile and powerful tool used in various applications, such as bonding materials, forming shapes, and testing materials. It utilizes heat and pressure to apply force to the material being processed, typically employing heated platens to achieve the desired effect.

Key Components of a Hot Press:

  1. Frame: The sturdy frame provides the structural support for the press, housing the components and ensuring stability during operation. It is typically constructed from durable materials like steel or aluminum.
  2. Platens: Platens are the flat surfaces that come into direct contact with the material being pressed. They are typically made of hardened steel or other wear-resistant materials to withstand the high temperatures and pressures.
  3. Heating Mechanism: The heating mechanism provides the heat required to soften or bond the material being pressed. Common heating methods include electric resistance heaters, steam coils, or hot oil circulation systems.
  4. Pressing Mechanism: The pressing mechanism applies the force required to compress the material between the platens. This may involve hydraulic cylinders, mechanical linkages, or electric actuators.
  5. Control System: The control system allows for precise control of temperature, pressure, and pressing time, ensuring consistent and repeatable results.

Applications of Hot Presses:

  1. Bonding Materials: Hot presses are commonly used to bond various materials, including thermoset polymers, composites, and laminates. The heat and pressure applied during pressing cause the materials to flow and adhere, forming a strong and durable bond.
  2. Forming Shapes: Hot presses can be used to form various shapes from materials, such as rubber, plastics, and metals. The pressure applied during pressing forces the material into the desired shape, often using molds or dies.
  3. Testing Materials: Hot presses are also used to test the properties of materials, such as their strength, ductility, and heat resistance. This is done by pressing the material to a specific force or temperature and measuring the resulting deformation or property changes.
  4. Laminating Materials: Hot presses can be used to laminate materials together, such as plastics, metals, and wood. The heat and pressure applied during pressing cause the materials to adhere, forming a multi-layered composite.

Advantages of Hot Presses:

  1. Versatility: Hot presses can be used for a wide variety of applications, making them a versatile tool in various industries.
  2. Precise Control: Hot presses offer precise control over temperature, pressure, and pressing time, ensuring consistent and repeatable results.
  3. High Efficiency: Hot presses can process materials quickly and efficiently, making them suitable for high-volume production.
  4. Durable Construction: Hot presses are typically built with durable materials and components, ensuring long-term reliability and performance.

Disadvantages of Hot Presses:

  1. Safety Considerations: Hot presses require proper safety precautions due to the high temperatures and pressures involved.
  2. High Initial Cost: Hot presses can be expensive to purchase, especially for high-capacity or specialized models.
  3. Limited Automation: While some hot presses offer automation capabilities, manual operation is still common, requiring skilled operators.

In summary, hot presses are powerful and versatile machines used in various industries for bonding, forming, testing, and laminating materials. Their ability to apply precise heat and pressure makes them essential tools for manufacturing, testing, and research applications. However, safety considerations, initial cost, and limited automation need to be carefully weighed when selecting a hot press for a particular application.

Short cycle press

A short cycle press, also known as a high-speed press, is a specialized type of hot press designed for high-volume production applications. It utilizes advanced heating and cooling systems to achieve a significantly faster cycle time compared to traditional hot presses, enabling efficient lamination of materials at a rapid pace.

Key Characteristics of Short Cycle Presses:

  1. Rapid Cycle Times: Short cycle presses typically achieve cycle times as short as 90 seconds, allowing for faster production rates and reduced processing times.
  2. High Pressure Capability: These presses can apply high pressures, typically ranging from 4 to 8 bar, ensuring strong adhesion between the substrate and the laminate.
  3. Precise Control Systems: Short cycle presses incorporate advanced control systems to precisely regulate temperature, pressure, and cycle time, ensuring consistent and repeatable results.
  4. Automation Features: Many short cycle presses offer automation capabilities, such as automatic loading and unloading mechanisms, to further enhance efficiency and reduce operator intervention.

Advantages of Short Cycle Presses:

  1. Increased Production Rates: The rapid cycle times of short cycle presses lead to significantly higher production rates, enabling manufacturers to produce more laminated products in a shorter period.
  2. Durable Laminates: These presses produce high-quality laminates with strong adhesion and excellent surface finishes, resulting in durable and aesthetically pleasing products.
  3. Reduced Energy Consumption: The shorter cycle times contribute to lower energy consumption, making short cycle presses a more environmentally friendly option.
  4. Improved Efficiency: Automation features and precise control systems enhance the overall efficiency of these presses, minimizing downtime and operator error.

Applications of Short Cycle Presses:

  1. Furniture Manufacturing: Short cycle presses are widely used in furniture manufacturing to laminate melamine or other decorative materials onto particleboard, MDF, or plywood substrates.
  2. Countertop Production: These presses are employed in countertop production to laminate high-pressure laminates or other surfacing materials onto various substrates.
  3. Wall Paneling Fabrication: Short cycle presses are utilized in wall paneling fabrication to bond decorative veneers or laminates onto substrate materials for interior or exterior applications.
  4. Signage and Display Production: Short cycle presses are used in signage and display production to laminate printed graphics or decorative materials onto rigid substrates.

Considerations when Choosing a Short Cycle Press:

  1. Production Requirements: Determine the required production volume and laminate type to select a press with the appropriate capacity and processing capabilities.
  2. Automation Needs: Consider the level of automation required to match the production environment and labor availability.
  3. Budget: Short cycle presses typically have a higher initial cost compared to traditional hot presses, so factor in the budget constraints and potential return on investment.
  4. Maintenance and Support: Evaluate the availability of maintenance services and technical support from the press manufacturer or authorized distributors.

In summary, short cycle presses offer a compelling combination of speed, efficiency, and precision, making them an indispensable tool for high-volume production of laminated products. Their ability to produce high-quality laminates at rapid rates makes them a preferred choice for manufacturers of furniture, countertops, wall panels, signage, and other products that demand durable and aesthetically pleasing surfaces.

Technical Characteristics

Melamine presses can be designed in different sizes and configurations depending on the specific requirements of the manufacturer. The pressing force of melamine presses can range from a few hundred kilonewtons to several thousand kilonewtons. The temperature range can vary depending on the type of melamine being used but typically falls between 120°C to 200°C.

The cycle time of a melamine press can range from a few minutes to several hours, depending on the thickness of the laminate and the specific curing time of the melamine material.

Melamine presses can also have different types of heating systems, such as electric, oil, or gas heaters. Electric heating is typically used for smaller presses, while oil or gas heating is preferred for larger presses, as they can provide faster and more efficient heating.

The moulding system of a melamine press is critical to ensure the production of high-quality and accurate laminates. The moulds are typically made of metal and designed with a specific pattern or texture to create the desired decorative effect on the laminate.

In terms of safety features, melamine presses can be equipped with emergency stop buttons, safety gates, and interlocks to prevent accidents or injuries during operation. The machines can also be fitted with sensors and monitoring systems to detect any abnormalities or deviations from the desired parameters and alert the operator.

Manufacturing Process

Melamine presses require regular maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. This includes cleaning and inspecting the machine regularly, replacing worn or damaged parts, and keeping the hydraulic system properly lubricated. It’s also essential to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and best practices for operating and maintaining the machine.

The melamine manufacturing process begins with the preparation of the melamine sheets, which are typically coated with a decorative layer of paper or fabric. The sheets are then loaded into the press and subjected to high pressure and temperature, which causes the resin to cure and bond the layers together.

Melamine presses require regular maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. This includes cleaning and inspecting the machine regularly, replacing worn or damaged parts, and keeping the hydraulic system properly lubricated. The machines can also be configured with safety features to prevent accidents or injuries during operation. Overall, melamine presses are critical machines in the laminates industry, enabling the production of high-quality and attractive melamine laminates.

Depending on the coating material, the individual manufacturing process is referred to as:

Veneering: Thin sheets of wood are applied to a wood-based panel using suitable adhesives. The veneer technique was already used by the Egyptians more than 3,000 years ago. Since precious woods were popular in Egypt but the country itself was sparsely wooded an economical processing the method was important. Typical for veneering is that the surface covering material is mostly used in sheet form. Veneer presses normally work in a discontinuous process.

Laminating or foiling: This describes a process in which the surface of a wood-based panel is covered with a glued-on foil. Depending on the coating material itself both, continuous and discontinuous working presses are used. For the discontinuous process, the surface covering material is used in sheet form and for the continuous process the material is supplied as a roll.

Pressing: This means the direct compression of a paper sheet impregnated with phenolic and/or melamine synthetic resins onto a wood-based panel without adding any additional adhesive. During the pressing process the resin impregnation melts because of the pressure and the temperature inside the press and the paper adheres to the base panel. At the same time, the resin forms the final surface finish of the wood-based panel. The final workpiece surface can be distinct by the degree of gloss and the possible structure of the press plate.

Characteristics of a Melamine Press

Covering defines the gluing of laminated sheets onto a wood-based panel. This is mostly done in hydraulic plate presses and requires the use of an additional adhesive. The finished surface of the laminated board needs after pressing not be upgraded because they had been trained already completed before the coating process.

Discontinuously working hydraulic plate presses: In a hydraulic plate press the pressing pressure is applied to the workpiece with an upper and a lower press plate. The surfaces to be bonded are held together during setting. Depending on whether the press plates are heated or not hydraulic plate presses are referred to as hot presses or cold presses.

Another categorization of hydraulic plate presses is possible by the number of existing daylights. Daylight is the space between two press plates. A press with two press plates has one opening where workpieces can be placed and are called a single-daylight press (Figure 3). If a press is equipped with multiple numbers of press plates it allows multiple workpieces to be processed during one press cycle. These presses are called multi-daylight presses (Figure 4). Today presses with more than 40 daylights are common in the industry. Due to a large number of different requirements in the woodworking industry presses are built in many different versions. They can be further differentiated by the following characteristics:


Press-plate dimension and pressing force. Since there are no values generally accepted the following numbers only give a rough overview:
A press is considered a light press when its press plates roughly range in dimension from 1.2 x 0.8 m up to 3 x 1.3 m and the pressing force is about 400 – 1400 kN. These presses are mostly used in small woodworking shops to manufacture furniture parts or interior fittings.

Medium duty presses have a dimension of about 2.6 x 1.4 m up to 4 x 2.3 m and a pressing force of about 1800 to 6000 kN. In furniture factories, these presses are used as short-cycle presses for veneer and laminate surfaces. Heavy-duty presses can generate pressing forces of 4000 to 30.000 kN and more and typically have press plates with 2.5 x 1.3 m up to 3 x 2.2 m. These presses are often used to produce plywood or melamine-faced surfaces.

  • Position of the hydraulic cylinder: Normally one of the press plates is fixed to the press frames and the other plate is moved up and down by the hydraulic cylinders. The position of the hydraulic cylinders defines whether the press is categorized as a down-stroke-press (in this case the upper press plate moves) or as an upstroke-press (when the lower press plate moves upwards to close the press).
  • Feeding direction: For loading and unloading of the press an area is needed where no press-frame components may interfere with the work pieces. A press feed from the broadside has particular advantages for manual loading and unloading. In the case of automatic feeding faster loading and unloading are possible due to the shorter conveying distances. The disadvantage of this design is that, due to the large spans, additional construction and material efforts are required not to exceed the required deflection values of the press components
  • For structural and commercial reasons: presses with high pressing forces can only be fed from the narrow side. Due to the large conveying distance manual loading on these presses is not feasible. Typically they are equipped with mechanical systems for loading and unloading workpieces.

For all hydraulic plate presses the following basic requirements apply:

  • The machine frame must be designed structurally very stable and rigid to absorb high compressive forces. Each press consists of a minimum of two press frames into which the press plates are mounted. Depending on the size of the press plates (length x width) the number of necessary press frames can vary.
  • The press plates must be rigid and have good resistance to bending. The plates have to be produced with a high manufacturing tolerance to guarantee a uniform thickness. As well they have to have a flat and smooth surface. In the case of a hot press, the press plates are produced with integrated channels, allowing a heating media to flow through the entire press plate.
  • The hydraulic pressure must be distributed uniformly over the whole pressing surface.
  • Fast closing and opening of the press are especially important when fast-setting adhesives are used.
  • All process parameters (pressure, temperature, and time) must be controlled automatically.

Discontinuously working hydraulic molding presses: There are two fundamentally different design types of hydraulic molding presses, the ones with a fixed three-dimensional mold and the ones with a flexible membrane.

Fixed Mold Press

Molding presses with a fixed mold are mainly used for the industrial production of molded wood components, e.g. chairs and
lounge furniture, and not so much for upgrading the surface of wood-based panels. Therefore they are not further considered in this paper.

When the surface of a shaped wood-based panel product is covered with a solid surface covering material, then the three-dimensional shaped workpiece itself forms the solid mold (die) to which the coating material is pressed by an elastic membrane. When processing air-impermeable coating materials such as PVC films another type of press has been established that works without using an additional membrane. In these cases, the air-impermeable film itself is pressed to the workpiece surface by means of compressed air.

Continuously working calender roll presses: Looking at continuously working press systems the term laminating refers to a process in which a solid surface covering material is unwound directly from a coil in a continuous operation and is glued to the surface of a wood-based panel either on one side or simultaneously on both sides. Initially, mainly PVC films were applied with dispersion adhesives or solvent-based adhesives using unheated pressure rollers. This technique is referred to as (cold) laminating.

However, this technique has its limitations. Solvent adhesives require extensive and expensive measures to fulfill modern legal requirements. With water-containing dispersion adhesives very thin films (below 40 g/m²) can only be processed with limited surface quality since only the wood-based panel can absorb the water from the adhesive and this carries the risk of swelling the panel surface. Much higher surface qualities can be achieved with the so-called hot-laminating process (or thermolaminating process).

Characteristics of this technology are heated calender rollers. The calender rollers can either be chromium-plated or covered with silicone rubber and are heated to about 150° – 220° C. Hot laminating lines have been developed for the processing of decorative printed, impregnated, and pre-painted paper films (finish foil). Mostly nowadays PVAc adhesive as well as urea-formaldehyde contain glues.

Continuously working double belt presses: As an alternative to hot laminating lines so-called double-belt presses were developed. In this type of continuously working press, two endless steel belts are mounted on top of each other (see Figure 10). The main advantage of a double belt press
compared to a calender roll press are the generated surface pressure instead of the line pressure as well as the longer pressing time between the two belts instead of two rollers.

Compared to a short-cycle press the advantage of a double belt press is the much higher production volume since there is no production time lost for loading and unloading of workpieces into the press. The main application area for these presses today is the production of decorative laminates, the laminating of wood-based panels with decorative laminates or melamine films, but also the production of particleboard, fiberboard (MDF), or composite panels.

There are two main construction types of double belt presses today, the isobaric and the isochoric pressure system. The isobaric pressure system (from Greek = equal pressure) is based on a pressure cushion filled with compressed air or oil (Figure 11). This pressure cushion generates equal pressure to the steel bands and further onto the workpiece. The isochoric system (from Greek = equal volume) is based on a roller carped between the heating plates and the steel belt (Figure 12).

Because of the non-linear pressure application of the rollers, the isochoric press is not suitable for applying decorative laminates. Therefore this type of press is not used for melamine board production or decorative laminates.

EMS Metalworking Machinery

We design, manufacture and assembly metalworking machinery such as hydraulic transfer press, glass mosaic press, hydraulic deep drawing press, casting press, hydraulic cold forming press, hydroforming press, composite press, silicone rubber moulding press, brake pad press, melamine press, SMC & BMC Press, Labrotaroy press,  edge cutting trimming machine, edge curling machine, trimming beading machine, trimming joggling machine, cookware production line, pipe bending machine, profile bending machine, bandsaw for metal, cylindrical welding machine, horizontal pres and cookware, kitchenware, hotelware, bakeware and cuttlery production machinery as a complete line as well as an individual machine such as edge cutting trimming beading machines, polishing and grinding machines for pot and pans, hydraulic drawing presses, circle blanking machines, riveting machine, hole punching machines and press feeding machine,

You can check our machinery at work at: EMS Metalworking Machinery – YouTube


  • Beading and ribbing
  • Flanging
  • Trimming
  • Curling
  • Lock-seaming
  • Ribbing
  • Flange-punching