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Hydraulic Press Specifications

Hydraulic Press Specifications
Hydraulic Press Specifications

We manufacture the Hydraulic Press Specifications to bend the edges of sheet metal parts. The Hydraulic Press Machines are used in various metalworking industries

Hydraulic presses are versatile and powerful machines used in various industries. Their specifications vary depending on their intended application, workpiece size, and desired force output. Here’s a summary of key hydraulic press specifications:

  1. Capacity: The capacity of a hydraulic press refers to its maximum force output, typically measured in tons or kilonewtons (kN). This determines the type of workpieces and forming operations the press can handle.
  2. Stroke Length: The stroke length is the maximum distance the press ram can travel, determining the depth of forming operations and the range of workpiece sizes that can be accommodated.
  3. Work Table Size: The work table size determines the maximum size of the workpiece that can be placed on the press for operation.
  4. Ram Speed: The ram speed is the rate at which the ram moves during the pressing operation. This is important for controlling forming speed and ensuring proper material flow.
  5. Opening Height: The opening height is the distance between the work table and the ram when it is fully retracted. This determines the clearance needed for loading and unloading workpieces.
  6. Daylight: The daylight is the total vertical distance between the top of the work table and the bottom of the ram at its highest position. This determines the maximum thickness of the workpiece that can be accommodated.
  7. Pump Capacity: The pump capacity is the volume of hydraulic fluid the pump can deliver per unit time, measured in liters per minute (LPM) or gallons per minute (GPM). This determines the press’s ability to maintain pressure during operation.
  8. Motor Power: The motor power is the electrical power required to drive the hydraulic pump, typically measured in horsepower (HP) or kilowatts (kW). This determines the overall power consumption of the press.
  9. Control System: The control system determines the press’s operation modes, including manual, semi-automatic, and fully automatic control. It also manages ram movement, pressure control, and safety interlocks.
  10. Safety Features: Safety features are essential for preventing accidents and injuries during press operation. Common safety features include safety interlocks, light curtains, and emergency stop buttons.

In addition to these key specifications, hydraulic presses may also include additional features, such as adjustable work table height, tool change systems, and integrated data acquisition systems. The choice of specific features depends on the specific application and user requirements.

When selecting a hydraulic press, it’s crucial to consider the intended application, workpiece size, desired force output, and safety requirements. Consulting with press manufacturers or industry experts can help ensure the selection of the most suitable hydraulic press for the specific needs.

Hydraulic Press

Hydraulic Press Machines
Hydraulic Press Machines

A horizontal hydraulic press machine is a powerful and versatile tool that utilizes hydraulic pressure to apply force horizontally to a workpiece. It is commonly used in various industries, including metalworking, manufacturing, and construction, for a wide range of applications such as bending, straightening, pressing, and forming.

Key Components of a Horizontal Hydraulic Press Machine

  1. Frame: The frame provides the structural backbone for the press, ensuring stability and rigidity during operation. It is typically constructed from heavy-duty steel plates or castings and is designed to withstand the high forces generated during pressing operations.
  2. Hydraulic Cylinder: The hydraulic cylinder is the heart of the press, converting hydraulic pressure into mechanical force. It consists of a piston, cylinder barrel, and hydraulic seals. The size of the cylinder determines the maximum force the press can exert.
  3. Hydraulic Pump and Power Unit: The hydraulic pump and power unit supply hydraulic fluid to the cylinder, generating the required pressure for operation. The pump draws fluid from a reservoir and forces it through a series of valves and filters into the cylinder. The power unit regulates the pressure and flow of hydraulic fluid.
  4. Control System: The control system manages the operation of the press, including ram movement, pressure control, and safety interlocks. It receives input from sensors, such as pressure transducers and position encoders, and controls the valves and actuators to regulate the press’s behavior.
  5. Ram: The ram is the movable part of the press that applies force directly to the workpiece. It is connected to the piston of the hydraulic cylinder and slides along guides within the frame. The ram can be equipped with various tooling, such as dies, punches, or adapters, depending on the specific application.
  6. Work Table or Bed: The work table or bed provides a stable surface for positioning and securing the workpiece during the pressing operation. It is typically adjustable to accommodate different workpiece sizes and heights.
  7. Tooling: Tooling is a crucial component of horizontal hydraulic press machines, allowing the press to perform various forming operations. Common tooling options include dies, punches, adapters, and forming tools. Dies are used to shape the workpiece, while punches are used to cut or pierce material. Adapters are used to connect different tooling components, and forming tools are used for specific forming operations, such as bending or straightening.
  8. Safety Interlocks: Safety interlocks are essential components that prevent hazardous situations from occurring during press operation. They typically include sensors that detect the presence of an operator or workpiece, and they prevent the press from activating if safety conditions are not met.
  9. Gauges and Indicators: Gauges and indicators provide the operator with real-time information about the press’s operation, such as hydraulic pressure, ram position, and press force. This information is crucial for monitoring the press’s performance and ensuring safe operation.
  10. Electrical System: The electrical system powers the control system, hydraulic pump, and other electrical components of the press. It includes wiring, electrical panels, and various electrical components, such as motors, relays, and switches.

Types of Horizontal Hydraulic Press Machines

Horizontal hydraulic press machines come in various types, each with its specific characteristics and applications:

  1. Single-acting Presses: These presses have a single hydraulic cylinder that applies force in one direction. They are suitable for simple bending and straightening operations.
  2. Double-acting Presses: These presses have two hydraulic cylinders, allowing for force application in both directions. They are more versatile and can handle a wider range of pressing operations.
  3. Four-column Presses: These presses feature four columns that provide exceptional stability and rigidity, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.
  4. C-frame Presses: These presses have a C-shaped frame, offering a more compact design and suitable for smaller workpieces.

Applications of Horizontal Hydraulic Press Machines

Horizontal hydraulic press machines are versatile tools used for a wide range of applications in various industries:

  • Metalworking: Bending, straightening, forming, and coining of metal components for manufacturing.
  • Construction: Pressing and forming of sheet metal components for construction applications, such as roofing, cladding, and structural elements.
  • Automotive Industry: Forming of automotive components, such as body panels, brackets, and structural parts.
  • Aerospace Industry: Precision forming of aerospace components, ensuring high strength, dimensional accuracy, and structural integrity.
  • Industrial Applications: Pressing and forming of various components for industrial machinery, equipment, and tools.

Safety Considerations for Horizontal Hydraulic Press Machine Operation

Safety is paramount when operating horizontal hydraulic press machines. Operators must follow strict safety guidelines to prevent accidents and injuries. These guidelines include:

  • Wearing appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), including safety glasses, gloves, and hearing protection.
  • Ensuring proper machine setup and maintenance, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Securing the workpiece firmly on the work table before operation.

Capacity

The capacity of a hydraulic press is its maximum force output, typically measured in tons or kilonewtons (kN). It is a crucial specification that determines the type of workpieces and forming operations the press can handle. The capacity depends on the size and strength of the hydraulic cylinder, the pump capacity, and the overall design of the press.

Higher capacity hydraulic presses are typically used for heavier-duty applications, such as bending and forming thick metal sheets, blanking and punching operations, and coining or drawing operations. Lower capacity presses are suitable for lighter-duty applications, such as bending and forming thin metal sheets, shallow stamping operations, and assembling or riveting components.

The capacity of a hydraulic press is also affected by the stroke length of the press ram. A longer stroke length allows for deeper forming operations, but it also increases the required force. Therefore, a press with a higher capacity may be required for certain deep-drawing or coining operations.

In addition to the intended application and workpiece size, the desired force output also plays a role in determining the press capacity. For example, a press that will be used for bending thin metal sheets does not require the same capacity as a press that will be used for blanking and punching thick metal plates.

When selecting a hydraulic press, it is important to consider the capacity requirements carefully to ensure that the press can handle the desired forming operations and workpiece sizes. Consulting with press manufacturers or industry experts can help ensure that the correct press capacity is selected for the specific application.

Stroke Length

The stroke length of a hydraulic press is the maximum distance the press ram can travel, typically measured in millimeters (mm) or inches. It is a critical specification that determines the depth of forming operations and the range of workpiece sizes that can be accommodated. A longer stroke length allows for deeper forming operations, such as deep-drawing or coining, while a shorter stroke length is suitable for shallower forming operations, such as bending or stamping.

The stroke length also affects the type of tooling that can be used with the press. Longer stroke presses can accommodate tooling with deeper cavities, while shorter stroke presses are limited to tooling with shallower cavities.

In addition to the type of forming operation, the workpiece size also plays a role in determining the required stroke length. Thicker workpieces require a longer stroke length to ensure that the force is applied over the entire depth of the workpiece.

When selecting a hydraulic press, it is important to consider the stroke length requirements carefully to ensure that the press can handle the desired forming operations and workpiece sizes. Consulting with press manufacturers or industry experts can help ensure that the correct stroke length is selected for the specific application.

Here is a table summarizing the relationship between stroke length, forming operation, and workpiece size:

Stroke LengthForming OperationWorkpiece Size
ShortShallow stampingThin workpieces
MediumDeeper stampingMedium workpieces
LongDeep-drawingThick workpieces

Work Table Size

The work table size of a hydraulic press is the maximum size of the workpiece that can be placed on the press for operation. It is typically measured in millimeters (mm) or inches and is determined by the size of the press frame and the clearance required for the press ram to move.

The work table size is crucial for ensuring that the press can accommodate the desired workpieces without exceeding the press’s capacity or interfering with the forming operation. It is also important to consider the workpiece’s shape and orientation when determining the appropriate work table size.

In addition to the workpiece size, the work table size also affects the productivity of the press. A larger work table can accommodate multiple workpieces, reducing the need to load and unload the press repeatedly. This can significantly improve the production rate for repetitive forming operations.

When selecting a hydraulic press, it is important to consider the work table size requirements carefully to ensure that the press can accommodate the desired workpieces without compromising productivity or press performance. Consulting with press manufacturers or industry experts can help ensure that the correct work table size is selected for the specific application.

Here is a table summarizing the relationship between work table size, workpiece size, and productivity:

Work Table SizeWorkpiece SizeProductivity
SmallSmall workpiecesLow productivity
MediumMedium workpiecesModerate productivity
LargeLarge workpiecesHigh productivity

Ram Speed

Ram speed is a crucial specification for hydraulic presses, as it determines the force with which the workpiece is subjected to during the pressing operation. A faster ram speed generally results in a higher force output, which is beneficial for deep-drawing, coining, and other high-pressure forming operations. However, too high a ram speed can also lead to material tearing or deformation, especially for thinner workpieces.

The optimal ram speed depends on the specific forming operation, workpiece material, and desired force output. For example, shallow stamping operations typically require a slower ram speed to ensure proper material flow and prevent deformation. Deep-drawing and coining operations often require a faster ram speed to achieve the desired depth of forming.

The ram speed is also affected by the hydraulic press’s capacity and stroke length. Higher capacity presses can generally handle higher ram speeds without compromising the integrity of the workpiece. Longer stroke presses also allow for faster ram speeds, as there is more time for the hydraulic fluid to flow through the system.

When selecting a hydraulic press, it is important to consider the ram speed requirements carefully to ensure that the press can handle the desired forming operations and workpiece materials. Consulting with press manufacturers or industry experts can help ensure that the correct ram speed is selected for the specific application.

Here is a table summarizing the relationship between ram speed, forming operation, and workpiece material:

Ram SpeedForming OperationWorkpiece Material
SlowShallow stampingThin, ductile materials
MediumDeeper stampingMedium-thick, ductile materials
FastDeep-drawingThick, ductile materials
Very FastCoiningHard or brittle materials

EMS Metalworking Machinery

We design, manufacture and assembly metalworking machinery such as:

  • Hydraulic transfer press
  • Glass mosaic press
  • Hydraulic deep drawing press
  • Casting press
  • Hydraulic cold forming press
  • Hydroforming press
  • Composite press
  • Silicone rubber moulding press
  • Brake pad press
  • Melamine press
  • SMC & BMC Press
  • Labrotaroy press
  • Edge cutting trimming machine
  • Edge curling machine
  • Trimming beading machine
  • Trimming joggling machine
  • Cookware production line
  • Pipe bending machine
  • Profile bending machine
  • Bandsaw for metal
  • Cylindrical welding machine
  • Horizontal pres and cookware
  • Kitchenware, hotelware
  • Bakeware and cuttlery production machinery

as a complete line as well as an individual machine such as:

  • Edge cutting trimming beading machines
  • Polishing and grinding machines for pot and pans
  • Hydraulic drawing presses
  • Circle blanking machines
  • Riveting machine
  • Hole punching machines
  • Press feeding machine

You can check our machinery at work at: EMS Metalworking Machinery – YouTube

Applications:

  • Beading and ribbing
  • Flanging
  • Trimming
  • Curling
  • Lock-seaming
  • Ribbing
  • Flange-punching