Hydraulic Press Diagram

Hydraulic Press Diagram
Hydraulic Press Diagram

We explain here Hydraulic Press Diagram to bend sheet metal edges. Hydraulic Press Machines are used in metalworking industries

  1. Hydraulic pump: The hydraulic pump is responsible for generating the hydraulic pressure that powers the machine. It draws fluid from a reservoir and pumps it into the hydraulic cylinders.
  2. Motor: The motor provides the power to drive the hydraulic pump.
  3. Reservoir: The reservoir stores the hydraulic fluid that is used to generate pressure in the hydraulic system.
  4. Hydraulic cylinder: The hydraulic cylinder contains a piston that is moved by the hydraulic pressure generated by the pump. As the piston moves, it exerts force on the material being pressed.
  5. Ram: The ram is the component of the hydraulic press that directly contacts the material being pressed. It is attached to the piston in the hydraulic cylinder and moves up and down as the piston moves.
  6. Bed or table: The bed or table is the surface upon which the material being pressed is placed. It is typically flat and can be adjusted in height to accommodate different sizes of materials.
  7. Pressure gauge: The pressure gauge measures the hydraulic pressure being generated by the hydraulic pump. This allows the operator to monitor the pressure and adjust it as needed.
  8. Control valves: The control valves regulate the flow of hydraulic fluid between the pump and the hydraulic cylinders. They allow the operator to control the speed and force of the press.
  9. Pressure relief valve: The pressure relief valve is a safety device that prevents the hydraulic pressure from becoming too high and causing damage to the machine or materials being pressed.
  10. Check valve: The check valve is a one-way valve that allows fluid to flow in one direction only. It is typically used to prevent backflow in the hydraulic system.
  11. Filter: The filter removes impurities and contaminants from the hydraulic fluid, helping to keep the system clean and free of debris.

Hydraulic presses can vary in size and complexity, depending on the specific application. Some hydraulic presses may include additional components, such as heating elements, cooling systems, or automated controls, to further refine the press process.

Hydraulic Press Diagram

                                |   Reservoir  |
------------+                      +-----------+
+-----------+                      |   Pump    |
+-----------+                      +-----------+
|      |     -------+            |   Motor   |
|      |     |       |            +-----------+
|      |     |       |
|      |     |       |       +------------------------+
|      |     |       |       |   Control   |   |   Valves   |
|      |     |       |       |   System   |   |              |
|      |     |       |       +------------------------+
|      |     |       |
|      |     |       |
|      |     +-------+
|      |
|      |
|      |
|      |
+-----------+                      +-----------+
+-----------+                      |   Cylinder  |
+-----------+                      +-----------+
|      |    -------+              |   Piston  |
|      |    |       |              +-----------+
|      |    |       |
|      |    |       |       +-----------------------------+
|      |    |       |       |   Work Table  |   |   Tooling   |
|      |    |       |       +-----------------------------+
|      |    |       |
|      |    |       |
|      |    |       |
|      |    +-------+
|      |
|      |
|      |
|      |


  1. Reservoir: The reservoir stores the hydraulic fluid.
  2. Pump: The pump draws fluid from the reservoir and forces it into the cylinder.
  3. Motor: The motor powers the pump.
  4. Control System: The control system regulates the flow of fluid to the cylinder and controls the movement of the ram.
  5. Valves: The valves control the flow of fluid in the hydraulic system.
  6. Cylinder: The cylinder converts hydraulic pressure into mechanical force.
  7. Piston: The piston is the movable part of the cylinder that pushes against the workpiece.
  8. Work Table: The work table provides a stable surface for the workpiece.
  9. Tooling: The tooling determines the specific forming or cutting operation.


Hydraulics is commonly used in deep drawing processes to generate the force required to shape the metal. In a typical hydraulic deep drawing process, a sheet of metal is placed on a die and clamped into place. A punch, attached to a hydraulic cylinder, is then lowered onto the sheet, applying pressure to the metal and forcing it into the die cavity. As the metal is pressed, it deforms and takes on the shape of the die.

Hydraulic systems are ideal for deep drawing because they can generate high levels of force with precision and control. The hydraulic cylinder can be programmed to move at a specific speed and force, ensuring that the metal is pressed evenly and consistently. Additionally, the hydraulic system can be adjusted to accommodate different types of metals and sheet thicknesses, making it a versatile option for a variety of deep drawing applications.

Hydraulic deep drawing machines are also able to handle complex shapes and designs. By controlling the speed and force of the hydraulic cylinder, the machine can create smooth, even curves and angles in the metal without causing wrinkles or other defects. This makes hydraulic deep drawing an efficient and cost-effective manufacturing process for producing parts with high levels of complexity and precision.

EMS Metalworking Machinery

We design, manufacture and assembly metalworking machinery such as:

  • Hydraulic transfer press
  • Glass mosaic press
  • Hydraulic deep drawing press
  • Casting press
  • Hydraulic cold forming press
  • Hydroforming press
  • Composite press
  • Silicone rubber moulding press
  • Brake pad press
  • Melamine press
  • SMC & BMC Press
  • Labrotaroy press
  • Edge cutting trimming machine
  • Edge curling machine
  • Trimming beading machine
  • Trimming joggling machine
  • Cookware production line
  • Pipe bending machine
  • Profile bending machine
  • Bandsaw for metal
  • Cylindrical welding machine
  • Horizontal pres and cookware
  • Kitchenware, hotelware
  • Bakeware and cuttlery production machinery

as a complete line as well as an individual machine such as:

  • Edge cutting trimming beading machines
  • Polishing and grinding machines for pot and pans
  • Hydraulic drawing presses
  • Circle blanking machines
  • Riveting machine
  • Hole punching machines
  • Press feeding machine

You can check our machinery at work at: EMS Metalworking Machinery – YouTube


  • Beading and ribbing
  • Flanging
  • Trimming
  • Curling
  • Lock-seaming
  • Ribbing
  • Flange-punching