Friction Screw Press Hot Forging

Friction Screw Press Hot Forging

A friction screw press is a type of mechanical press used in hot forging processes to shape and deform metal materials. It is a powerful machine that applies force through the use of friction between a rotating screw and a fixed nut to generate the necessary pressure for forging operations. Here’s an overview of how a friction screw press works in hot forging:

Friction Screw Press Hot Forging

  1. Basic Components: A friction screw press consists of several key components:
    • Frame: The frame provides the structural support for the press and houses the other components.
    • Screw: The screw is a long, threaded shaft that rotates when the press is in operation.
    • Nut: The nut is a fixed component that the screw threads into. The friction between the screw and nut generates the forging force.
    • Ram: The ram or slide is attached to the screw and moves vertically. It carries the forging tooling or dies.
    • Drive System: A motor and drive system rotate the screw, generating the necessary force for forging.
  2. Working Principle: The working principle of a friction screw press involves the following steps:
    • A piece of metal, often heated to a high temperature for easier deformation, is placed between the forging dies.
    • The motor rotates the screw, causing it to thread into the fixed nut.
    • As the screw rotates, it moves vertically downward, pushing the ram and, in turn, the forging dies toward the metal workpiece.
    • The frictional resistance between the screw and nut generates a tremendous amount of pressure, which is applied to the workpiece. This pressure causes the metal to deform and take the shape of the dies.
  3. Advantages of Friction Screw Press for Hot Forging:
    • High forging force: Friction screw presses are capable of delivering very high forging forces, making them suitable for forging large and heavy workpieces.
    • Precise control: They offer good control over the forging process, allowing for precise shaping and sizing of the workpiece.
    • Versatility: Friction screw presses can be used for various forging operations, including open-die forging, closed-die forging, upsetting, and more.
    • Energy-efficient: They are relatively energy-efficient compared to other types of forging equipment.
  4. Applications: Friction screw presses are commonly used in industries such as automotive, aerospace, and manufacturing for producing a wide range of forged components, including crankshafts, connecting rods, gears, and other metal parts that require high strength and precision.

It’s worth noting that while friction screw presses offer many advantages, they also require skilled operators to set up and monitor the forging process to achieve the desired results. Additionally, safety precautions are essential when working with such powerful machinery due to the high forces involved in the hot forging process.

EMS Metalworking Machinery

We design, manufacture and assembly metalworking machinery such as:

  • Hydraulic transfer press
  • Glass mosaic press
  • Hydraulic deep drawing press
  • Casting press
  • Hydraulic cold forming press
  • Hydroforming press
  • Composite press
  • Silicone rubber moulding press
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  • Melamine press
  • SMC & BMC Press
  • Labrotaroy press
  • Edge cutting trimming machine
  • Edge curling machine
  • Trimming beading machine
  • Trimming joggling machine
  • Cookware production line
  • Pipe bending machine
  • Profile bending machine
  • Bandsaw for metal
  • Cylindrical welding machine
  • Horizontal pres and cookware
  • Kitchenware, hotelware
  • Bakeware and cuttlery production machinery

as a complete line as well as an individual machine such as:

  • Edge cutting trimming beading machines
  • Polishing and grinding machines for pot and pans
  • Hydraulic drawing presses
  • Circle blanking machines
  • Riveting machine
  • Hole punching machines
  • Press feeding machine

You can check our machinery at work at: EMS Metalworking Machinery – YouTube


  • Beading and ribbing
  • Flanging
  • Trimming
  • Curling
  • Lock-seaming
  • Ribbing
  • Flange-punching